Many adults suffer from melasma: a form of hyperpigmentation in which areas of skin become darker than their surroundings. The dark patches result from an overproduction of melanin from pigment cells called melanocytes. While melasma won’t affect your overall health, its characteristic dark spots can often look unsightly, causing distress in those who have it.
There are a number of possible causes of hyperpigmentation, some of which can be quite serious. So it’s best to consult with a doctor if you notice any skin discoloration.
One of the more common forms of hyperpigmentation is melasma, which is characterized by unsightly dark spots on the forehead, cheek, and area above the upper-lip. These spots typically appear on both sides of the face in a similar shape and pattern and can range in color from tan to dark brown.