Elevated blood levels of Triglycerides (TG). Triglycerides are a group of fatty compounds that circulate in the bloodstream and are stored in the fat tissue.
Organ or part of body involved:
Symptoms and indications:
High triglycerides by themselves do not cause symptoms. If your high triglycerides are caused by a genetic condition, you may have visible fatty deposits under the skin called xanthomas.
In rare cases, people who have very high triglyceride levels may develop inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), which can cause sudden, severe abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, and fever.
Triglycerides are categorized as follows:
If you have high triglycerides, you may also have high cholesterol. In many cases, people don\’t know that they have high triglycerides until they have a blood test called a lipoprotein analysis to check their cholesterol levels.
If your triglyceride levels are high, your doctor will also check for and treat other associated conditions that may be linked to high triglycerides. These conditions include diabetes, hypothyroidism, kidney disease, and metabolic syndrome.
Causes and risk factors:
Triglycerides in plasma are derived from fats eaten in foods or made in the body from other energy sources like carbohydrates. Calories ingested in a meal and not used immediately by tissues are converted to triglycerides and transported to fat cells to be stored. Hormones regulate the release of triglycerides from fat tissue so they meet the body\’s needs for energy between meals.
Changes in lifestyle habits are the main therapy for hypertriglyceridemia. These are the changes you need to make:
If you\’re overweight, cut down on calories to reach your ideal body weight. This includes all sources of calories, from fats, proteins, carbohydrates and alcohol. Reduce the saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol content of your diet.
Reduce your intake of alcohol considerably. Even small amounts of alcohol can lead to large changes in plasma triglyceride levels. Eat fruits, vegetables and nonfat or low-fat dairy products most often. Get at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity on five or more days each week.
People with high triglycerides may need to substitute monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats