Kohl / Surma (سرمہ) is an ancient eye cosmetic, traditionally made by grinding stibnite for similar purposes to charcoal used in mascara. It is widely used in South Asia, the Middle East, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, and parts of West Africa as eyeliner to contour and/or darken the eyelids and as mascara for the eyelashes. It is worn mostly by women, but also by some men and children.
اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ في قَلْبي نُوراً، وفي بَصَري نُوراً، وفِي سَمْعي نُوراً، وعِنْ يَميني نُوراً، وعَنْ شِمالِي نُوراً، ومِن خَلْفِي نُوراً، ومِن أمِامِي نُوراً، اللَّهُمَّ اعْطِني نُوراً واجْعِلْ لي نُوراً، وفي عَصَبي نُوراً، وفي لَحْمِي نُوراً، وفي دَمِي نُوراً، وفِي شَعْري نُوراً، وفِي نَفْسي نُوراً، وأعْظِمْ لِي نُوراً، واجْعَلْني نُوراً
Kohl Ithmid (Sulfide of Antimony)
Narrated by Tirmizi that Ibn Abbass Radi Allaho Anh said:
وفى الترمذي : عن ابن عباس رضى الله عنهما ، قال : كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا اكتحَلَ يجعلُ فى اليمنَى ثلاثاً ، يبتدىء بها ، ويختم بها ، وفى اليُسْرى ثنتين
Whenever the Messenger of Allah (Sallallaho Alaihe Wasallam) used to apply Kohl, he would use it thrice in the right eye; beginning with it and finishing with it and twice in the left eye.”
In addition, Abu Dawood narrated that Prophet Muhammad Sallallaho Alaihe Wasallam said:
وقد روى أبو داود عنه صلى الله عليه وسلم : مَنْ اكْتَحَلَ فلْيُوتِرْ
“Those who use Kohl should use it an odd number of times.”
One should use an odd number of times when applying Kohl in both eyes, thrice in the right eye and then twice in the left eye. Or, one should use the Kohl thrice in each eye, as Imam Ahmad has stated.
Kohl preserves the health of the eye, strengthens and clears the sight and removes harmful substances, along with adding a touch of beauty to the eye. When one uses Kohl before he goes to sleep, it is beneficial for the eye, especially since the eyes will not be moving and thus the Kohl will have its most favorable affect. The Ithmid type of Kohl is especially effective in this regard.
Ibn Majah narrated in his Sunan that Prophet Muhammad Sallallaho Alaihe Wasallam that he said:
وفى سنن ابن ماجه عن سالم ، عن أبيه يرفعه : عَلَيْكُم بالإثْمِدِ ، فإنَّهُ يَجْلُو البَصَر ، ويُنْبِتُ الشَّعرَ
“Use Ithmid (Antimony), because it clears the eye and grows the eyelashes”.
Ibn Majah also narrated in his Sunan that Ibn Abass related from Prophet Muhammad Sallallaho Alaihe Wasallam that he said:
وفى سنن ابن ماجه أيضاً : عن ابن عباس رضى الله عنهما يرفعه : خيرُ أكْحالِكم الإثمد ، يجلُو البَصَرَ ، ويُنبت الشَّعرَ
“The best of your Kohl is the Ithmid (Antimony), because it dears the sight and causes the eyelashes to grow”.
وفى كتاب أبى نُعيم : فإنه مَنْبَتَةٌ للشَّعر ، مذهبة للقذَى ، مصْفاة للبصر
Narrated by Abu Naeem “Kohl Ithmid grows the eyelashes, removes eyesores & clears the vision”.
The Ithmid is the black Kohl stone. The best type of Ithmid is found in Asfahan (Iran), but it is also found in western areas (Morocco). The best type of Ithmid is that which fragmentizes quickly and which has shiny morsels. In addition, the interior of the Ithmid is polished and does not contain any impurities.
The Kohl tends to be cold and dry and it is beneficial to the eye in that it strengthens it and strengthens the eye nerves. Ithmid dissolves excess flesh around ulcers and closes the wound while cleansing the area around them. Ithmid relieves headaches when it is blended with pure watery (not thick) honey. When Ithmid is ground and mixed with tender fat and then used as a bandage over fire burns, it prevents blisters from appearing and helps cure the skin damage that occurs in cases of burns by fire. Ithmid is the best type of Kohl used for the eye, especially for old people whose eyesight has weakened. In this ease, it is better that Kohl is mixed with some Musk.
It is available in super fine powder form and is an eye application that is being used by Muslims and many other peoples since time immemorial. It is believed that Surma was first developed by ancient healers for keeping eyes healthy and cool. It also has the ability to keep eyes protected from various potential ailments and infections.
When used regularly and in the prescribed manner‚ Surma can provide a number of health benefits:
It keeps the eyes protected from dust and pollution
It helps in keeping eyes cool and your vision clear
It provides relief to stressed and tired eyes
Dry eyes caused by incessant staring at computer screens can be cured by application of Surma
It can also counter electromagnetic pollution and other forms of harmful but invisible pollutants
This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.